This panel invites proposals related to reconciliation, both in theory and in practice. Since the end of the Cold War, nationalism has increased nationalistic tendencies, at times leading to the disintegration of states. In other cases, older grievances are exploited by nationalist politicians to gain points on the domestic scene. Nationalism, conflict, reconciliation and identity are closely related. Nationalism also impacts on identity formation, especially in contested geographical areas, which Lee studies in the context of Hong Kong and Taiwan. Konarski takes similar questions to cases in Central Europe for a comparison of the understanding of ethnic and political nationhood. Banlaoi examines the role of violent extremeism in nation-building, taking the Philippines as a case study. The final two papers look at the understanding of nation and its effects on the interpretation of history of shared experiences. Horikane presents a hisptorical study of the interpretations of nationalism in Japan and Korea and the ongoing effect of the 35-year colonial rule of Korea by Japan on such interpretations on contemporary politics. In Hermanns' paper, these conficts are examplified by the disputes over 'comfort women' memorials, which are the focus to study the role of symbols in nationalism and the effects of of such intrpretations on reconcilliation efforts.