Countering Terrorism or Fuelling Extremism? The Comparative Growth of Global De-Radicalization Programs and Policy

Type
Open Panel
Language
English
Discussants
Description

Since 2010, there has been a 58% increase in the number of extreme jihadist groups globally, with states rushing to develop de-radicalization approaches to counter these groups. Global counter-radicalization practices were created to mitigate the spread of radicalization, but these vary from state-sponsored programs to community-based approaches. While countries like Denmark appear to be relatively successful in countering radicalization, the United Kingdom and France continue to suffer from limited success in their implemented policies, with radicalization and attacks increasing in frequency.
This panel deals with the controversial subject of de-radicalization as a tool of the state/Governments in modifying/changing political behavior. The panel specifically focuses on how these governments use counter-terrorism measures to address extremist/ radicalization of individuals. Case studies of a comparative nature, including Western versus Non-Western examples are particularly welcome to shed light on this phenomenon. We will focus on the theory and practice concerning certain questions which are currently inadequately addressed.
These include but are not limited to:
1) What is the context driving such measures from a country, regional and global perspective?
1) How Successful have State policies been at changing extremist forms of behavior?
2) What appears to work best in these scenarios and why?
3) What potential and real impact do such policies have on human rights and the rule of law?
4) Are there political and historical antecedents for state behavior in such measures and what if any lessons have been learned from these?
The panel seeks to discuss the differences and similarities in de-radicalization approaches from a comparative sense, drawing on case studies globally. Using comparative analysis, the panel will assess these comparisons within a context of human security, globalization, and social isolation.